Dynamic high-resolution MSK ultrasound of the shoulder
MSK ultrasound is an established method that can be used to depict the anatomy of tendinous, articular, and para-articular structures located in and around the shoulder area. This imaging modality has the great advantage of high-resolution capabilities and the possibility of examining the patient in different positions and using dynamic maneuvers.
However, a deep knowledge of anatomy, scanning technique, and normal image findings are mandatory to achieve good diagnostic results. Furthermore,following a standardized
imaging protocol is essential for an exhaustive and efficient examination.
This article describes the whole shoulder imaging protocol with indept information about tips and tricks to scan the shoulder anatomy or pathology with quality. Finally, knowledge of pitfalls that can be encountered when examining the shoulder may help to avoid erroneous images interpretation. These pitfalls are also described. See for an example of shoulder MSK ultrasound the videoclip below.