Risk factors for groin injury in sports
Groin injuries are common in many sports that involve rapid acceleration and deceleration, sudden changes in direction and kicking. However, sport injury is unlikely to result from a single risk factor but rather because of complex interactions of multiple risk factors and inciting events.
As identification of risk factors and their causal mechanisms is important as to developing effective prevention strategies. Lack of consensus related to risk factors for groin injury in sport may hinder the development and evaluation of groin injury prevention strategies in sport. The objective of this review being to update a previous review from 2007 and summarise the evidence related to risk factors for groin injury in sport
The review found consistent level 1 and 2 evidence of previous groin injury, higher level of play, reduced hip abductor and adductor strength and lower levels of sport-specific training are associated with increased risk of groin injury in sport.
Consistent level 2 evidence suggests that higher weight, BMI or height, reduced hip ROM, performance on several fitness and strength tests are not associated with groin injury in sport.
> From: Whittaker et al., Br J Sports Med (2015) (Epub ahead of print). All rights reserved to BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. Click here for the Pubmed summary.