Prevention of groin injuries in sports
Like many musculoskeletal injuries, previous groin injury is a strong risk factor for future groin injuries. Preventing groin injuries in sports such as football and ice hockey is of great importance, since these injuries induce substantial disability and loss of playing time, injury-related costs, and an increased risk of re-injury and chronicity. The aim of the following systematic review was to evaluate the effect of specific groin-injury prevention programmes in sports.
Seven studies were included – six on football and one on male handball players. The primary analysis did not show a significant reduction in the number of groin injuries after completing a groin injury prevention programme. Subgroup analysis based on factors such as specific sport, gender, and type of prevention programme showed similar non-significant benefits.
Despite the fact that no statistically significant reduction in sport-related groin injuries could be documented, anecdotal estimates suggest that such programmes may still be of clinical relevance with compliance and compliance reporting inadequately addressed in the existing studies.
> From: Esteve et al., Br J Sports Med (2015) (Epub ahead of print). All rights reserved to BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. Click here for the Pubmed summary.